15 Shocking Things You Didn't Know About The MLB's "Steroid Era"

Steroid use might not be as rampant as it once was in the MLB, but its impact on the game is nevertheless still felt to this day. Like the lingering black clouds of a past storm, details of the doping scandal are still fresh in the minds of baseball fans, such as the time Rafael Palmeiro appeared before United States Congress, wagging his finger and staunchly denying any involvement with performance-enhancing drugs (PEDs). "I have never used steroids. Period," he said. "I don't know how to say it any more clear than that. Never." Of course, it turned out he had been using steroids. Then there was the time that three-time MVP Alex Rodriguez appeared on national television to deny the steroid allegations, only to later admit, once it had been revealed that he had failed a drug test in 2003, that he had in fact used them.

While these moments are etched in our memories, some details about the so-called "steroid era" may have been forgotten. Just in case, here's a reminder.

Here are 15 shocking things that you may not have known about the MLB’s “steroid era.”

15 Increase In Home Runs


When we say home runs went up in the late 1990s, we don’t mean they went up a little bit—we mean they shot up. In 1993, only five players had 40 or more home runs. Yet just three seasons later, during the peak of the steroid era, more than three times that many players (17 to be exact) had 40 or more long balls, and from 1996 to 2001, there were at least a dozen players each year in the 40 (or more) home run club.

14 Steroids Saved Baseball


While often viewed as a blight on the game of baseball, rampant steroid use may have actually saved the sport. Thanks to the substantial increase in the number of home runs hit each year, fans filled up baseball stadiums around the league at a record rate. After all, the long ball is one of the most exciting things in sports. Even fair weather fans can appreciate it, which is why attendance went up in the late 90s, as fans came out to see Mark McGwire, Sammy Sosa, Barry Bonds, Jose Canseco, and other muscle bound sluggers park balls into the bleachers at an unprecedented rate.

13 Canseco Claimed Upwards Of 85% Of MLB Was Juicing


In his tell all book, Juiced: Wild Times, Rampant ‘Roids, Smash Hits & How Baseball Got Big, former MVP and face of the steroid era Jose Canseco claimed that upwards of 85% of the league was taking performance-enhancing drugs. Think about that. If true—which, let’s face it, Canseco isn’t exactly the most credible source—that would mean that on any given 25-man roster, only 3 to 4 players would not have been on some form of performance-enhancing drug, which means that some of your favorite players, who you thought were clean, were in fact cheating.

12 Number Of Players Named In Mitchell Report


While Canseco claimed that more than three quarters of the league were on steroids, which would equate to over 600 players in all of baseball, the Mitchell Report, a 21-month investigation into rampant steroid use in the MLB, named 89 players, both current and former. Far less than Canseco’s estimate, it was still a major shock to the baseball community, especially considering how it named elite players, such as: Miguel Tejada, Eric Gagne, Andy Pettitte, and Roger Clemens. Also implicated in the report due to their association with Victor Conte’s BALCO were Jason Giambi, Gary Sheffield, and current home run king Barry Bonds.

11 Biggest Sports Story Of The Decade


The MLB steroids scandal was so big that Sports Illustrated called it the number one sports story of the 2000s, beating out the news of Tiger Woods’s infidelity, “spygate,” and the rise/fall/rise of Kobe Bryant. And for good reason. Never before had there been such a widespread scandal in professional sports.

10 First MLB Player Banned For Life For PEDs

Brad Barr-USA TODAY Sports

9 Number Of Players Suspended

Ken Blaze-USA TODAY Sports

So far, Jenrry Mejia is the only MLB player banned for life for using PEDs, but he’s far from the only player to have received a suspension. Since Bud Selig and Major League Baseball announced their new drug policy in 2004, a total of 59 big leaguers have been suspended for testing positive for some form of performance-enhancing drug.

Even though the league has attempted to crack down on cheaters, players continue to test positive. This season alone nine players have been suspended, including last year’s NL batting champion, Dee Gordon, and 38-year-old veteran Marlon Byrd, who’s positive test was his second, which likely means that his career is over.

8 Rafael Palmeiro Was Booed So Bad He Had To Wear Earplugs


7 As Bonds’s Home Run Numbers Grew, So Did His Hat Size


We all know how Barry Bonds, the biggest name to ever come up in the doping scandal, put on substantial size from the beginning of his career to the end (just look at the side by side pictures of him with the Pirates and the Giants), reportedly going from a lean 185 lbs. to a bodybuilder-like 228 lbs., but did you also know that as his home run numbers grew, so too do his hat and shoe size?

6 MLB Now Claims To Be The Toughest On Drug Testing

Mark J. Rebilas-USA TODAY Sports

Because of the blow that had been dealt to MLB’s reputation as a result of the doping scandal, Bud Selig implemented a much tougher drug testing policy. MLB now claims to have the toughest policy out of all of the major North American professional sports, moving ahead of the NFL in recent years through superior HGH and testosterone testing. The New York Times wrote of the league’s expansion of their testing program in 2013:

5 Not All Steroid Users Are Huge

Gary A. Vasquez-USA TODAY Sports

One of the most common misconceptions about performance-enhancing drugs is that everyone who uses them is huge. This idea was propagated by the fact that the most well known figures of the steroid era (McGwire, Sosa, Bonds, and Canseco) gained considerable amounts of muscle as a result of their steroid use. That is, steroid use has become synonymous with muscles and home runs. But that’s not always the case.

4 Not All Steroids Are Alike

Bob DeChiara-USA TODAY Sports

Just as not all PED users are alike, not all PEDs are alike. To the uneducated fan, when they hear the word steroids they often think of human growth hormones, but that’s not the only performance-enhancing drug. In fact, there are over 70 substances on the MLB’s banned substances list under the steroids category, most of which are impossible to pronounce, such as dehydrochlormethyltestosterone (also known as Oral Turinabol), which Blue Jays first baseman Chris Colabello and Phillies rookie pitcher Daniel Stumpf both tested positive for this season.

3 The First Person Suspended Under New Drug Testing Policy Was a Light-Hitting Speedster


When it comes to steroid suspensions, the first players that come to mind for most people are probably big home run hitters, but did you know that the first player who tested positive for PEDs under the league’s new drug policy was a light-hitting outfielder known for his speed and not his power?

In 2005, Alex Sanchez, who is listed at just 5’10” and 180 lbs., had the unfortunate distinction of receiving the first suspension under the newly adapted policy. A good contact hitter, Sanchez, who spent most of his brief career with the Brewers and Tigers, had just 6 home runs in 5 seasons in the big leagues.

2 Steroids Are No Guarantee For Success


Some people think that a performance-enhancing drug is a magic pill (or injection) that instantly makes baseball players better. Fans therefore often dismiss a player’s accomplishments if they suspect that he took steroids. And while it’s true that PEDs are capable of giving a player a boost, they are no guarantee for success. In other words, PEDs alone are not enough to make a baseball player hit more home runs, steal more bases, or strike out more batters. Baseball, like any other sport (and maybe even more so than other sports) requires skill and plenty of practice. No one’s arguing that steroids had nothing to do with McGwire’s 70-homer campaign or Bonds’s late career boost, but it’s not like they didn’t also spend hours in the batting cage working on their swings. There might be a drug that makes you stronger, but there isn’t one that specifically helps you hit home runs.

1 Polls Suggest That Fans DO Care If Players Take Steroids (Or At Least They Used To)


There’s an ongoing debate amongst baseball fans as to whether or not the use of steroids should be considered cheating. Some argue that it gives players an unfair advantage, and therefore anything they accomplish while on PEDs should not count in the record books (there is talk of putting an asterisk next to Barry Bonds’s home run records); yet others see no harm in the use of PEDs and argue that steroids themselves cannot make a player hit home runs.

Comedian Daniel Tosh once joked that baseball needs steroids because it makes the game more entertaining. He was being facetious, of course, but there’s at least some validity to his argument, as proven by the rise in attendance during the steroid era.

Whatever your feelings may be about the issue, polls have suggested that baseball fans do in fact care whether or not players use performance-enhancing drugs. According to a 2009 New York Times poll, 60% of those surveyed said that they care “a lot” if players use PEDs, while only 9% said it didn’t matter at all to them. However, a more recent poll conducted by NPR suggests that with time fans may be changing their minds about the issue, as more than half of those surveyed said the allegations of baseball players using PEDs did not affect their thinking about the sport.

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15 Shocking Things You Didn't Know About The MLB's "Steroid Era"