Stanisława Walasiewicz, or Stella Walsh, was the toast of Poland after claiming gold at the 1932 Summer Olympics in the women's 100-metre event by matching the world record of 11.9 seconds. Returning home a celebrated hero, she was awarded the Golden Cross of Merit. It was only after her death
in 1980 as the victim of an armed robbery that an autopsy revealed that she possessed both XX and XY chromosomes, along with male genitalia. While the rules on trans-gender Olympic participation have always been murky, particularly back in 1932, Walsh clearly wasn't forthcoming as she enjoyed years of celebrity.